Early Treatment of HIV Act 

The Early Treatment of HIV Act (ETHA) is legislation that would give states the option to easily amend their Medicaid eligibility requirements to extend coverage to pre-disabled poor and low-income people living with HIV. ETHA is modeled after the successful Breast and Cervical Cancer Prevention and Treatment Act of 2000 (BCCA), under which all 50 states provide early access to Medicaid to women with cancer. Like the BCCA, ETHA includes an enhanced federal match rate of 65%-83% to support states that choose to participate.

ETHA is still needed despite the passage of health care reform under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (commonly referred to as the Affordable Care Act, “ACA”). ETHA—along with supplemental federal funding for the AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP)—is a key part of a bridge to 2014, when most of the provisions of the Affordable Care Act take effect.